Mind the gap

The importance of maintaining a continuous line of sight when designing a border security concept.

Borders are susceptible to multiple threats from drug trafficking, human trafficking, and criminal activity to cartels and syndicates, enemy fighters, and terrorism. Task forces, entrusted with the execution of security missions along the border, are deployed along its route to neutralise breaches and potential threats along its length.

Maintaining continuous control along borders requires dynamic, adaptable solutions to manage and respond to events as they occur. A holistic border solution is flexible and tailored, considering both existing and emerging threats. The continuity of border impenetrability will determine a country’s degree of resilience and its ability to defend its territory.

The inclusive operating model

Multi-sensor surveillance systems are a sure-fire way to spot potential threats well in advance. (Fast response sit awareness).

These sensors provide a significant delivery time to border security agents to effectively thwart illegal crossings. Many border authorities predominantly rely on long-range systems, assuming they cover the entire terrain length in one operation. However, using this modus operandi, it’s essential to consider the natural and artificial pitfalls of the terrain route and identify the blind spots which intruders could otherwise exploit.

Since most borders are not linear, particularly across long border routes, no single sensor technology can achieve effective surveillance coverage.

A holistic approach to border protection integrates an inclusive operating model deploying multiple observation systems with different detection ranges and target capture capabilities in a calculated overlapping manner.

Traditional observation cameras work well in unobstructed landscapes but are not suited to densely forested or complex environments. With their wide viewing angle and a long-distance detection range, standalone, the classic observation systems cannot survey the depth of different surface cells that define the terrain route. Fixed sensors are also susceptible to sabotage, so mobile sensors are integrated, whether deployed in the air, at sea or on the ground.

Short-range, multi-sensors systems such as radar or thermal imaging serve as gap fillers providing accurate coverage of ground obstacles hidden from view.

A force multiplier

“The key is integrating technologies systemically and cost- effectively,” says Baruch Dilion, the CEO of Beesense Systems, a global provider of multi-sensor electro-optics observation systems and solutions.

Dilion continues, “Over the years, we’ve realised that by itself, an individual system fails to provide full coverage of a non-linear terrain. Combining the benefits of long-range observation systems with precise short-range gap-filling systems and other deployed sensors creates a virtual barrier that detects all targets within its range. When deploying these systems in an overlapping manner, no threat remains undetected.

Multi-layered concept of a multi-layered data fusion

At Beesense, we believe in developing highly modular, scalable border security concepts. The tailor-made strategic layout harnesses the benefits of the different systems. All systems hold advanced communication protocols that allow a flow of analysed data to a central C4i portal. The mission-critical information aggregates data from multiple sensors, cameras, radars, and communication channels that construct the bespoke system layout and form a multi-layered data fusion. The layers of data provide border authorities with a complete situational awareness picture and act as the force multiplier they need to respond rapidly and effectively in a well-manged event.

The holistic approach to border protection strategy

Regardless of border type, the deployment of overlapping surveillance and intelligence systems is the best methodology to obtain a continuous and uninterrupted line of sight. This synergistic approach to observation allows border authorities to take complete control of the surrounding terrain, regardless of land restrictions or limitations of sight. By integrating and utilising both long- and short-range observation systems along and across a border, the holistic border concept is constructing a safe margin to provide a secured border route.

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